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Ebenezer Stevens

Ebenezer Stevens was a participant in the Boston Tea Party who distinguished himself by rising to the ranks for Major General in the United States Army. Mr. Stevens was a Bostonian, born on August 11, 1751. He was 22 at the time of the tea protest, but unlike many participants he was not an artisan or tradesman by profession. He was a professional artillerist and served in the company under the command of Adino Paddock, where some other participants server such as Paul Revere and Thomas Crafts. Stevens surrounded himself with people who shared the same patriotic ideals as he; this may be because he was also a part of the Sons of Liberty. When the tea ships arrived in Boston and the confrontation occurred between the British governor and the Bostonians [organized by Samuel Adams], it was the Paddocks Artillery militia who was trusted by the protesters with the task of guarding the wharf to prevent unloading of the tea. Stevens was one of those militiamen who carried out the patrol. Being one of the participants, Stevens had his own personal story about how the events unfolded. Interestingly, his account is almost unknown because Stevens’ story was not recorded or told by him directly, instead he told it to one of his sons who then published it. The most interesting part of the account is the description of how the participants were disguised. It turns out that at least according to Mr. Stevens’ knowledge none of the patriots dressed up as Indians. And yet again this claim has been confirmed by other sources; Stevens is the one who destroyed the myth and stereotype of Indians involved with the Boston Tea Party. When many tea party participants fled Boston, Stevens did as well. He moved to Rhode Island where he started working as a house builder and contractor. In Providence he later married his first wife, Rebecca Hodgden. When the Revolutionary War commenced, Stevens returned to Boston. The news of the Battle of Lexington and Concord was a call to action. With the training and experience he received in artillery he was able to form a new unit in Rhode Island and joined the patriots in the Battle of Bunker Hill. The military was not the only area where Ebenezer Steven excelled. He was also quite successful in overseas trade. Trading with East India, he managed to accumulate substantial fortune, which he used to build a mansion on Long Island, New York. Ebenezer Steven married for the second time on May 4th, 1784 in New York City to Lucretia Ledyard. He died in September 2nd, 1823 in Rockaway, New York.


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