Tea Tables at Colonial Williamsburg

Colonial Williamsburg is a treasure chest which allows us to peek into the lives of our 18th century ancestors. And it houses a fascinating array of colonial tea tables and accompanying “tea things,” on display in the DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum.

The George Wythe House in Colonial Williamsburg  c.1750

Some of the first American – made tea tables were simply wooden trays positioned on stands. Later versions — such as this Massachusetts tea table (below) exhibited at the DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum — were made with fixed tops whose high molded edges gave the illusion of the earlier tray form. The tapered molding helped contain the expensive ceramic and silver tea wares that were used while serving and drinking tea. The cabriole legs were inspired by Chinese tea tables.

Boston Tea table, c.1750, owned by Daniel Shute, first minister of the South Hingham Massachusetts Church

These handsome tea tables set the stage in every fine home for the display of the tea things such as ceramic or silver tea pots, cups and saucers, spoons, hot water urns, strainers and slop bowls. All these accoutrements were important components of the tea ritual carried out in the Colonies.

The table shown above originally belonged to Daniel Shute, the first minister of the South Hingham Massachusetts Church, and delegate to the 1780 Massachusetts constitutional convention that ratified the federal constitution. I can imagine the pastor’s family gathered around this table on the 17th of December, 1773, discussing the rebellious actions which took place the prior evening only a few miles north in Boston Harbor.

Until 1720, rectangular tea tables were the most common sort, but after that date, round tables with tilting tops (left) became more usual. The hinged top – this one hewed from one gigantic log – was designed to allow the table to be stored in a corner when it was not in use. As guests arrived for tea, the table would be brought to the center of the room where the tea things would be assembled.

This large tea table was originally owned by merchant Daniel Barraud (b.1725) of Norfolk and later Smithfield, Virginia. The table is attributed to Norfolk because of its history and the similarity of its turned shaft to those found on a number of other tables and stands with Norfolk associations.

Founded in 1680, Norfolk supported a large and healthy cabinetmaking community by the third quarter of the 18th century.


Photos by Bruce Richardson.


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